활용가능한 설문들

아직까지 무들이 지원하는 설문에는 제한이 있습니다.(앞으로는 여러분 스스로가 설문을 만들 수 있도록 지원할 예정임).

여기서 활용 가능한 설문은 온라인 학습 환경에 특히 유용할 것으로 여겨진 것으로, 교육공학적 구성주의 철학에 기반한 것들을 선별하였습니다. 이러한 설문은 여러분이 학생들의 경향성을 파악하는데 유용할 것입니다. (좀 더 자세한 분석 방법에 대한 논문을 보시려면 http://dougiamas.com/writing/herdsa2002를 참고하세요)


COLLES - Constructivist On-Line Learning Environment Survey

The COLLES comprises an economical 24 statements grouped into six scales, each of which helps us address a key question about the quality of the on-line learning environment:

Relevance How relevant is on-line learning to students' professional practices?
Reflection Does on-line learning stimulate students' critical reflective thinking?
Interactivity To what extent do students engage on-line in rich educative dialogue?
Tutor Support How well do tutors enable students to participate in on-line learning?
Peer Support Is sensitive and encouraging support provided on-line by fellow students?
Interpretation Do students and tutors make good sense of each other's on-line communications?

Underpinning the dynamic view of learning is a new theory of knowing: social constructivism, which portrays the learner as an active conceptualiser within a socially interactive learning environment. Social constructivism is an epistemology, or way of knowing, in which learners collaborate reflectively to co-construct new understandings, especially in the context of mutual inquiry grounded in their personal experience.

Central to this collaboration is the development of students' communicative competence, that is, the ability to engage in open and critical discourse with both the teacher and peers. This discourse is characterised by an empathic orientation to constructing reciprocal understanding, and a critical attitude towards examining underlying assumptions.

The COLLES has been designed to enable you to monitor the extent to which you are able to exploit the interactive capacity of the World Wide Web for engaging students in dynamic learning practices.

(This information has been adapted from the COLLES page. You can find out more about COLLES and the authors of it at: http://surveylearning.com/colles/)


ATTLS - Attitudes to Thinking and Learning Survey

The theory of 'ways of knowing', originally from the field of gender research (Belenky et al., 1986) provides us with a survey tool to examine the quality of discourse within a collaborative environment.

The Attitudes Towards Thinking and Learning Survey (ATTLS) is an instrument developed by Galotti et al. (1999) to measure the extent to which a person is a 'connected knower' (CK) or a 'separate knower' (SK).

People with higher CK scores tend to find learning more enjoyable, and are often more cooperative, congenial and more willing to build on the ideas of others, while those with higher SK scores tend to take a more critical and argumentative stance to learning.

Studies have shown that these two learning styles are independent of each other (Galotti et al., 1999; Galotti et al., 2001). Additionally, they are only a reflection of learning attitudes, not learning capacities or intellectual power.

Belenky, M. F., Clinchy, B. M., Goldberger, N. R., & Tarule, J. M. (1986). Women's Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice, and Mind. New York: Basic Books, Inc.

Galotti, K. M., Clinchy, B. M., Ainsworth, K., Lavin, B., & Mansfield, A. F. (1999). A New Way of Assessing Ways of Knowing: The Attitudes Towards Thinking and Learning Survey (ATTLS). Sex Roles, 40(9/10), 745-766.

Galotti, K. M., Reimer, R. L., & Drebus, D. W. (2001). Ways of knowing as learning styles: Learning MAGIC with a partner. Sex Roles, 44(7/8), 419-436.

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